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Olympic Games

XXIII (23rd) OLYMPIAD
LOS ANGELES, USA | Jul 28th - Aug 12th, 1984


Los Angeles, USA


Los Angeles 1984

LOS ANGELES, USA
GAMES OF THE XXIIIrd OLYMPIAD

July 28 - August 12, 1984

Mascot - Sam, the eagle

140 countries, 6797 athletes (1567 women)

21 sports, 221 events (226 gold)

Opening - President Ronald Reagan (USA)

Torch lit by - Rafer Johnson

Candidates: none

Los Angeles - Carl Lewis out on his own

The financial woes of the Montreal Games left many nations wary of hosting the Olympics - so much so that Los Angeles's bid for the 1984 Summer Olympics went uncontested. But despite the fiscal pitfalls, future host cities, including L.A., proved that the Olympics can indeed leave a positive legacy.

President Samaranch's first Games of the Olympiad were held in the City of Angels - Los Angeles, host of the 1932 Olympic Games, proved the catalyst for new era in the staging of the Olympiad, the 23rd, though, like many, could not avoid certain controversy.

After the U.S. boycotted the 1980 Summer Games, it only made sense that the Soviet Union boycott the 1984 Summer Games, right? Right. The Soviet Union and 16 Communist satellite countries, including Cuba and East Germany, opted for a boycott in retaliation for America's absence from Moscow four years earlier. Subsequently, the Americans dominated and won a total of 174 medals (83 golds), with one man in particular displaying superior athletic ability, Carl Lewis.

But more remarkable than any of the events was the fact that the Games were financed purely from the private sector without any government financing - an important and relevant stage in the financial history of the movement. The organizing committee, the Los Angeles Olympic Organization Committee (LAOOC), was headed by 47-year-old successful businessman, Peter Ueberroth who, with the backing of several major sponsors, assured the event ran smoothly, eventually making a profit of $150 million dollars. The L.A. experience ushered in an era of unprecedented corporate involvement, but nothing near the crass commercialism that would overwhelm the Olympics when they returned to the U.S. 12 years later.

From July 28 until August 12, 6,797 competitors from 140 countries responded to the IOC's call to attend, despite the boycott from the Communist bloc. One of the consolations for the United States in this respect was that Romania, Yugoslavia and China decided to compete. With the proximity of Hollywood, the opening and closing ceremonies were conducted like lavish film productions. Cheering crowds of nearly 100,000 watched as medals were awarded for 221 events, including two new ones -- synchronized swimming (which had a beautiful parody write-up on "Saturday Night Live") and rhythmic gymnastics. Tennis and basketball were also on display as "exhibition" sports but no medals were awarded.

Even if he would eventually leave the American public gaping in awe, Carl Lewis's feats seemed somehow incomplete in the old Coliseum athletics stadium, site of the 1932 Olympic Games. And yet, the American dubbed "King" Carl managed to emulate Jesse Owens' feat by winning four golds in a single Olympiad (in the same events as Jesse Owens did in Berlin 1936). The grand total of Lewis's time on the track was 2 minutes and 26 seconds.

American sports personalities were abundant at the Games, although a number of other countries found themselves well-represented on the podiums. The President reintegrated the People's Republic of China in the Olympic Movement, making the IOC the only international organization where the People's Republic of China and Chinese Taipei are jointly represented. In Los Angeles in 1984, the athletes of the People's Republic of China participated in the Games after an absence of 32 years. China won 32 medals, including 15 golds, on its return.

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LOS ANGELES 1984 GOLD MEDAL WINNERS
149 Men, 62 Women, 10 Open Events
18 new Events; Women's Shooting, Cycling, Rhythmic Gymnastics included

ARCHERY
M\Individual: Darrell Pace, USA
W\Individual: Hyang-Soon Seo, South Korea

ATHLETICS, Men
100m: Carl Lewis, USA
200m: Carl Lewis, USA
400m: Alonzo Babers, USA
800m: Joaquim Cruz, Brazil
1500m: Sebastian Coe, Britain
5000m: Said Aouita, Morocco
10000m: Alberto Cova, Italy
4x100m: United States
4x400m: United States
20km Walk: Ernesto Canto, Mexico
50km Walk: Raul Gonzalez, Mexico
100m Hurdles: Roger Kingdom, USA
400m Hurdles: Edwin Moses, USA
3000m Steeplechase: Julius Korir, Kenya
Marathon: Carlos Lopes, Portugal
Discus: Rolf Danneberg, West Germany
Hammer Throw: Juha Tiainen, Finland
High Jump: Dietmar Mogenburg, West Germany
Javelin: Arto Kaerkoenen, Finland
Long Jump: Carl Lewis, USA
Pole Vault: Pierre Quinon, France
Shot Put: Alessandro Andrei, Italy
Triple Jump: Al Joyner, USA
Decathlon: Daley Thompson, Britain

ATHLETICS, Women
100m: Evelyn Ashford, USA
200m: Valerie Brisco-Hooks, USA
400m: Valerie Brisco-Hooks, USA
800m: Doina Melinte, Romania
1500m: Gabriella Dorio, Italy
3000m: Maricica Puica, Romania
4x100m: United States
4x400m: United States
100m Hurdles: Benita Brown-Fitzgerald, USA
400m Hurdles: Nawal El Moutawakel, Morocco
Marathon: Joan Benoit, USA
Discus: Ria Stalman, Netherlands
High Jump: Ulrike, Meyfarth, West Germany
Javelin: Tessa Sanderson, Britain
Long Jump: Anisoara Stanciu, Romania
Shot Put: Claudia Losch, West Germany
Heptathlon: Glynis Nunn, Australia

BASKETBALL
Team, Men: United States
Team, Women: United States

BOXING
Light Flyweight: PaullGonzales, USA
Flyweight: Steve McCrory, USA
Bantamweight: Maurizio Stecca, Italy
Featherweight: Meldrick Taylor, USA
Lightweight: Pernell Whitaker, USA
Light Welterweight: Jerry Page, USA
Welterweight: Mark Breland, USA
Light Middleweight: Frank Tate, USA
Middleweight: Joon-Sup Shin, South Korea
Light Heavyweight: Anton Josipovic, Yugoslavia
Heavyweight: Henry Tillman, USA
Super Heavyweight: Tyrell Biggs, USA

CANOE/KAYAK, Men
M\500m K1: Ian Ferguson, NZL
M\500m K2: New Zealand
M\1000m K1: Alan Thompson, NZL
M\1000m K2: Canada
M\1000m K4: New Zealand
M\500m C1: Larry Cain, Canada
M\500m C2: Yugoslavia
M\1000m C1: Ulrich Eicke, FRG
M\1000m C2: Romania
W\500m K1: Agneta Andersson, Sweden
W\500m K2: Sweden
W\500m K4: Romania

CYCLING
M\Pursuit: Steve Hegg, USA
M\Team Pursuit: Australia
M\Sprint: Mark Gorski, USA
M\Points Race: Roger Ilegems, Belgium
M\Time Trial: Fredy Schmidtke, West Germany
M\Road Team Trial: Italy
M\Road Race: Alexi Grewal, USA
W\Road Race: Connie Carpenter, USA

EQUESTRIAN, Open
3-Day Event: Mark Todd, New Zealand
Team 3-Day Event: United States
Dressage: Reiner Klimke, West Germany
Team Dressage: West Germany
Jumping: Joe Fargis, USA
Team Jumping: United States

FENCING
M\Individual Epee: Philippe Boisse, France
M\Individual Foil: Mauro Numa, Italy
M\Individual Sabre: Jean-Francois Lamour, France
M\Team Epee: West Germany
M\Team Foil: Italy
M\Team Saber: Italy
W\Individual Foil: Luan Jujie, China
W\Team Foil: West Germany

FOOTBALL
Team, Men: France

GYMNASTICS, Men
All-Around: Koji Gushiken, Japan
Team: United States
Floor Exercises: Li Ning, China
Horizontal Bar: Shinji Morisue, Japan
Parallel Bars: Bart Conner, USA
Rings: Koji Gushiken, JPN, and Li Ning, CHN (tie)
Side Horse: Li Ning, CHN, and Peter Vidmar, USA (tie)
Vault: Lou Yun, China

GYMNASTICS, Women
All-Around: Mary Lou Retton, USA
Team: Romania
Balance Beam: Simona Pauca, ROM, and Ecaterina Szabo, ROM (tie)
Floor Exercises: Ecaterina Szabo, Romania
Uneven Parallel Bars: Ma Yanhong, CHN, and Julie McNamara, USA (tie)
Vault: Ecaterina Szabo, Romania
Rhythmic: Lori Fung, Canada

HANDBALL
Men: Yugoslavia
Women: Yugoslavia

HOCKEY
Men: Pakistan
Women: Netherlands

JUDO
Extra Lightweight: Shinji Hosokawa, Japan
Half Lightweight: Yoshiyuki Matsuoka, Japan
Lightweight: Byeong-Keun Ahn, South Korea
Half Middleweight: Frank Wieneke, West Germany
Middleweight: Peter Seisenbacher, Austria
Half Heavyweight: Hyoung-Zoo Ha, South Korea
Heavyweight: Hitoshi Saito, Japan
Open: Yasuhior Yamashita, Japan

MODERN PENTATHLON
Individual: Daniele Masala, Italy
Team: Italy

ROWING, Men
Single Sculls: Pertti Karppinen, Finland
Double Sculls: United States
Quadruple Sculls: West Germany
Coxed Pairs: Italy
Coxless Pairs: Romania
Coxed Fours: Britain
Coxless Fours: New Zealand
Eights: Canada

ROWING, Women
Single Sculls: Valeria Racila, Romania
Double Sculls: Romania
Quadruple Sculls: Romania
Coxless Pairs: Romania
Coxed Fours: Romania
Eights: United States

SHOOTING, Men
Free Pistol: Xu Haifeng, China
Rapid-Fire Pistol: Takeo Kamachi, Japan
Air Rifle: Philippe Heberle, France
English Small-Bore Rifle: Ed Etzel, USA
Small-Bore Rifle, 3-pos: Malcolm Cooper, Britain
Rifle, Running Game Target: Li Yuwei, China
Shotgun, Trap: Luciano Giovannetti, ITA
Shotgun, Skeet: Matthew Dryke, USA

SHOOTING, Women
Sport Pistol: Linda Thom, Canada
Air Rifle: Pat Spurgin, USA
Small-Bore Rifle, 3-pos: Wu Xiaoxuan, China

SWIMMING, Men
100m Freestyle: Rowdy Gaines, USA
200m Freestyle: Michael Gross, West Germany
400m Freestyle: George DiCarlo, USA
1500m Freestyle: Michael O'Brien, USA
100m Backstroke: Rick Carey, USA
200m Backstroke: Rick Carey, USA
100m Breaststroke: Steve Lundquist, USA
200m Breaststroke: Victor Davis, Canada
100m Butterfly: Michael Gross, West Germany
200m Butterfly: Jon Sieben, Australia
200m Individual Medley: Alex Baumann, Canada
400m Individual Medley: Alex Baumann, Canada
4x100m Freestyle Relay: United States
4x200m Freestyle Relay: United States
4x100m Medley Relay: United States
3m Springboard: Greg Louganis, USA
10m Platform: Greg Louganis, USA
WATER POLO: Yugoslavia

SWIMMING, Women
100m Freestyle: Nancy Hogshead, USA and Carrie Steinseifer, USA (tie)
200m Freestyle: Mary Wayte, USA
400m Freestyle: Tiffany Cohen, USA
800m Freestyle: Tiffany Cohen, USA
100m Backstroke: Theresa Andrews, USA
200m Backstroke: Jolanda De Rover, NED
100m Breaststroke: Petra Van Staveren, NED
200m Breaststroke: Anne Ottenbrite, Canada
100m Butterfly: Mary T. Meagher, USA
200m Butterfly: Mary T. Meagher, USA
200m Individual Medley: Tracy Caulkins, USA
400m Individual Medley: Tracy Caulkins, USA
4x100m Freestyle Relay: United States
4x100m Medley Relay: United States
Synchronized, solo: Tracie Ruiz, USA
Synchronized, duet: United States
3m Springboard: Sylvie Bernier, Canada
10m Platform: Zhou Jihong, China

VOLLEYBALL
Team, Men: United States
Team, Women: China

WEIGHTLIFTING
Flyweight: Zeng Guoqiang, China
Bantamweight: Wu Shade, China
Featherweight: Chen Qeiqiang, China
Lightweight: Yao Jingyuan, China
Middleweight: Karl-Jeinz Radschinsky, FRG
Light Heavyweight: Petre Becheru, Romania
Middle Heavyweight: Nicu Vlad, Romania
Heavyweight: Rolf Milser, West Germany
Second Heavyweight: Norberto Oberburger, Italy
Super Heavyweight: Dinko Lukim, Australia

WRESTLING, FREESTYLE
Paperweight: Robert Weaver, USA
Flyweight: Saban Trstena, Yugoslavia
Bantamweight: Hideaki Tomiyama, JPN
Featherweight: Randy Lewis, USA
Lightweight: You In-Tak, South Korea
Welterweight: Dave Schultz, USA
Middleweight: Mark Schultz, USA
Light Heavyweight: Ed Banach, USA
Heavyweight: Lou Banach, USA
Super Heavyweight: Bruce Baumgartner, USA

WRESTLING, GRECO-ROMAN
Paperweight: Vincenzo Maenza, ITA
Flyweight: Atsuji Miyahara, JPN
Bantamweight: Pasquale Passarelli, FRG
Featherweight: Weon-Kee Kim, South Korea
Lightweight: Vlado Lisjak, Yugoslavia
Welterweight: Jouko Salomaki, Finland
Middleweight: Ion Draica, Romania
Light Heavyweight: Steven Fraser, USA
Heavyweight: Vasile Andrei, Romania
Super Heavyweight: Jeff Blatnick, USA

YACHTING
X\Flying Dutchman: United States
X\Soling: United States
X\Star: United States
X\Tornado: New Zealand
M\ Finn: Russell Coutts, New Zealand
M\ 470: Spain
M\Windgliding: Stephan Van Den Berg, Netherlands

21 Sports, 221 events

U
S
A

R
O
M

F
R
G

C
H
N

I
T
A

C
A
N

J
P
N

N
Z
L

Y
U
G

K
O
R

G
B
R

F
R
A

N
E
D

 

Archery

1

               

1

     

2

Athletics (BRA, MAR x2, MEX x2, KEN, POR, FIN x2, AUS)

16

3

4

 

3

         

3

1

1

41

Basketball

2

                       

2

Boxing

9

     

1

     

1

1

     

12

Canoe/Kayak (SWE x2)

 

2

1

   

2

 

4

1

       

12

Cycling (AUS, BEL)

4

 

1

 

1

               

8

Equestrian

3

 

2

       

1

         

6

Fencing

   

2

1

3

           

2

 

8

Football

                     

1

 

1

Gymnastics

5

5

 

5

 

1

3

           

19*

Handball

               

2

       

2

Hockey (PAK)

                       

1

2

Judo (AUT)

   

1

     

4

   

2

     

8

Modern Pentathlon

       

2

               

2

Rowing (FIN)

2

6

1

 

1

1

 

1

   

1

   

14

Sailing (ESP)

3

           

2

       

1

7

Shooting

3

   

3

1

1

1

     

1

1

 

11

Swimming (Diving, Sync. Swimming & Water Polo) (AUS)

25

 

2

1

 

5

   

1

     

2

37**

Volleyball

1

   

1

                 

2

Weightlifting (AUS)

 

2

2

4

1

               

10

Wrestling (FIN)

9

2

1

 

1

 

2

 

2

2

     

20

TOTAL

83

20

17

15

14

10

10

8

7

6

5

5

5

226

* 2 gold medals awarded in Gymnastics (M) Rings, Side Horse and (W) Beam, Uneven Bars.
** 2 gold medals awarded in Swimming (W) 100m Freestyle.

LOS ANGELES 1984 MEDAL TALLY

Country

G

S

B

TTL

United States

83

61

30

174

Romania

20

16

17

53

West Germany

17

19

23

59

China

15

8

9

32

Italy

14

6

12

32

Canada

10

18

16

44

Japan

10

8

14

32

New Zealand

8

1

2

11

Yugoslavia

7

4

7

18

South Korea

6

6

7

19

Great Britain

5

11

21

37

France

5

7

16

28

Netherlands

5

2

6

13

Australia

4

8

12

24

Finland

4

2

6

12

Sweden

2

11

6

19

Mexico

2

3

1

6

Morocco

2

0

0

2

Brazil

1

5

2

8

Spain

1

2

2

5

Belgium

1

1

2

4

Austria

1

1

1

3

Kenya

1

0

2

3

Portugal

1

0

2

3

Pakistan

1

0

0

1

Switzerland

0

4

4

8

Denmark

0

3

3

6

Jamaica

0

1

2

3

Norway

0

1

2

3

Greece

0

1

1

2

Nigeria

0

1

1

2

Puerto Rico

0

1

1

2

Colombia

0

1

0

1

Egypt

0

1

0

1

IRL, CIV, PER, SYR, THA

0

1

0

5

Turkey

0

0

3

3

Venezuela

0

0

3

3

Algeria

0

0

2

2

CMR, DOM, ISL, TPE, ZAM

0

0

1

5

Total

226

219

243

688

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