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Olympic Games

XXV (25th) OLYMPIAD
BARCELONA, SPAIN | Jul 25th - Aug 9th, 1992


Barcelona, ESP


Barcelona 1992

BARCELONA, SPAIN
GAMES OF THE XXVth OLYMPIAD

July 25 - August 9, 1992

Mascot - Cobi, the little dog

169 countries, 9367 athletes (2708 women)

25 sports (badminton & baseball added), 257 events (259 gold)

Opening - King Juan Carlos I of Spain

Torch lit by - Antonio Rebollo

Candidates: Paris, Brisbane, Belgrade, Birmingham, Amsterdam

Barcelona: a sublime spectacle of new beginnings

16 October 1986 - 91st IOC Session in Lausanne, Switzerland - Barcelona was elected to be the host of the XXVth Olympiad in 1992.

Round

1

2

3

Barcelona

29

37

47

Paris

19

20

23

Belgrade

13

11

5

Brisbane

11

9

10

Birmingham

8

8

 

Amsterdam

5

 

 


The 1992 Olympic Games are probably best remembered for one of the most spectacular and stylish opening ceremonies of all time. Held in the neo-classical Olympic Stadium on Montjuic, there were performances by the Spanish Opera stars, Placido Domingo, Jose Carreras, and Monserrat Caballé who performed "Barcelona" - a powerful and haunting song written by Queen singer Freddie Mercury before his death from AIDS in 1991 as a tribute to Montserrat's home city and later became the official theme of these Olympics and a soaring anthem for the city. Other highlights included the mythical birth of Barcelona from the sea, followed by ocean battles between sea monsters & humans. Much praise was also given to the many other sporting facilities which were either built from scratch (such as the 1700 seat Sant Jordi Sports Palace) or that were refurbished and modernized from existing buildings. Barcelona put on many fine cultural events to complement the sport. All this put Barcelona firmly back onto the tourist map. Barcelona became the first city since Tokyo 1964 to pull off the Olympic trifecta, successfully boosting exposure, image and income long after the Games ended.

The year IOC president Juan Antonio Samaranch brought the Olympics to his native region of Catalonia in Spain marked the first renewal of the Summer Games since the fall of communism in Eastern Europe and the reunification of Germany in 1990. The Games in Barcelona, with 9367 athletes from 169 countries, were the first since 1972 to be free of a boycott. Samaranch was foremost in supporting the commercialization of the Olympics. This resulted in the IOC taking in millions on dollars in revenue (mainly from the sale of television broadcasting rights).

President Samaranch actively led the fight against racial discrimination in sport with the support of the African IOC members. On 21 June 1988 he convened a conference against apartheid in sport and created a special commission, chaired by IOC member Judge Mbaye. On 9 July 1991 the IOC recognized the National Olympic Committee of South Africa. Apartheid in sport was abolished once and for all. On 25 July 1992 in Barcelona, Nelson Mandela, the President of the Republic of South Africa, thus witnessed the parade of the first South African multiracial team at the Opening Ceremony of the Games of the XXV Olympiad.

The break-up of the Soviet Union, the dismantling of the Berlin wall and the end of apartheid in South Africa, all combined to assure the appearance of many new faces. Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia made independent appearances while the 12 ex-Republics of the Soviet Union competed under the same flag and under the same name for the last time as the Community of Independent States (Unified Team). Both Cuba and North Korea returned after 12 years and South Africa was welcomed back after 32, following the national government's denunciation of apartheid racial policies while a newly reunified Germany competed under one flag for the first time since 1964. Even Albania, liberated from Stalin's grasp, took part in the Olympics for the first time since 1972, while Serbia was also allowed to take part as an independent nation following the embargo established in Yugoslavia by the United Nations (UN).

These Olympics also saw the final demise of one of de Coubertin's primary ideals - that of amateurism. This was also the year the IOC threw open the gates to professional athletes after 96 years of high-minded opposition. Basketball was the chief beneficiary as America's popular "Dream Team" of NBA All-Stars easily captured the gold, defeating Croatia 117-85. The team included such legends as Charles Barkley and Earvin "Magic" Johnson.

Carl Lewis earned his 7th and 8th career gold medals with a 3rd consecutive Olympic win in the long jump, and an anchor-leg performance on the American 4x100-meter relay team that helped establish a world record of 37.40s.  He would end his extraordinary career with a haul of nine gold medals. At 32, Britain's Jamaican-born Linford Christie became the oldest champion of the Olympic 100m. In female athletics, the 30 year old American Jackie Joyner-Kersee won her second consecutive heptathlon gold. Gail Devers of the U.S., whose feet had nearly been amputated by doctors in 1990 as a result of radiation treatment for Graves' disease, won the women's 100 meters. Algeria's Hassiba Boulmerka (1500m), became the first Algerian woman to win an Olympic title, while in the 10,000m, Ethiopia's Derartu Tulu ran her lap of honor in the close company of second-placed South African Elena Meyer, offering a sublime glimpse of hope for the whole of Africa.

Other track and field athletes stumbled, however. After Olympic favorite and world champion Dan O'Brien failed to even make the U.S. team, Dave Johnson, the new favorite, settled for the bronze. Ukrainian pole vaulter Sergey Bubka, who had dominated the sport for the past decade, was the heavy favorite, but he failed to clear any height.

Russian swimmer Alexander Popov won two golds in the 50m and 100m freestyle. The Chinese also got in on the act, with Zhuang Yong, Qian Hong and Lin Li winning gold medals - although these wins were marred by a suspicion that an element of doping had taken place, even if nothing was discovered. The most successful female swimmer was Krisztina Egerszegi of Hungary. She won golds in the 100 & 200m backstroke, and the 400m individual medley. The most successful male swimmer was Yevgeni Sadovyi of the Unified Team. He won the 200m & 400m freestyle, and was part of the 4x100m freestyle relay team. The competitor with the most medals after the Games was Belarus's Vitaly Scherbo, becoming the first gymnast to win six gold medals in the same Olympiad.

China's Fu Mingxia, 13, won the women's platform diving gold, becoming the second-youngest person to win an individual gold medal. Cuba made its Olympic return rewarding, capturing seven boxing golds as well as the gold in baseball.

The diving competitions were held right above the city with Gaudi's Cathedral (La Sagrada Familia) providing a ridiculously stunning backdrop. Even the official mascot was unbelievably cool ­ a Daliesque cat who looked as if he'd been flattened by a steamroller. And it confirmed that Barcelona was the hippest city on Earth by a mile ­ even though the only reason it got the nod in the first place was that it was the hometown of IOC octogenarian dictator Juan Antonio Samaranch.

Overall, these Games were a phenomenal success, allowing sport to take its pride of place at the top of the Olympic agenda.

The Olympic Museum, inaugurated on 23 June 1993, is a dream of Pierre de Coubertin turned into reality by President Samaranch. It is a meeting point of sport, the arts and culture, and is also a showcase for modern Olympism. It is the most complete and dynamic centre in the world on Olympism and the Olympic Games.

In 1995, in order to boost the participation of women in sport, the 104th IOC Session asked the International Federations and National Olympic Committees to ensure that 10% of their decision-makers were women by 2000 and 20% by 2005.

1896 
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1928 
1932 
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1956 
1960 
1964 
1968 
1972 
1976 
1980 
1984 
1988 
1992 
1996 
2000 
2004 
2008 

 

 

BARCELONA 1992 GOLD MEDAL WINNERS
161 Men, 86 Women, 10 Open Events
20 new Event; Badminton/Baseball/Women's Judo introduced

ARCHERY
M\Individual: Sebastian Flute, France
M\Team: Spain
W\Individual: Cho Youn-Jeong, South Korea
W\Team: South Korea

ATHLETICS, Men
100m: Linford Christie, Great Britain
200m: Mike Marsh, USA
400m: Quincy Watts, USA
800m: William Tanui, Kenya
1500m: Fermin Cacho, Spain
5000m: Dieter Baumann, Germany
10000m: Khalid Skah, Morocco
4x100m: United States
4x400m: United States
110m Hurdles: Mark McKoy, Canada
400m Hurdles: Kevin Young, USA
20km Walk: Daniel Plaza, Spain
50km Walk: Andrey Perlov, Unified Team
3000m Steeplechase: Matthew Birir, Kenya
Marathon: Hwang Young-Cho, South Korea
Discus Throw: Romas Ubartas, Lithuania
Hammer Throw: Andrey Abduvaliyev, Unified Team
High Jump: Javier Sotomayor, Cuba
Javelin Throw: Jan Zelezny, Czech
Long Jump: Carl Lewis, USA
Pole Vault: Maksim Tarasov, Unified Team
Shot Put: Mike Stulce, USA
Triple Jump: Mike Conley, USA
Decathlon: Robert Zmelik, Czech

ATHLETICS, Women
100m: Gail Devers, USA
200m: Gwen Torrence, USA
400m: Marie-Jose Perec, France
800m: Ellen van Langen, Netherlands
1500m: Hassiba Boulmerka, Algeria
3000m: Yelena Romanova, Unified Team
10000m: Derartu Tulu, Ethiopia
4x100m: United States
4x400m: Unified Team
100m Hurdles: Voula Patoulidou, Greece
400m Hurdles: Sally Gunnell, Great Britain
10km Walk: Chen Yueling, China
Marathon: Valentina Yegorova, Unified Team
Discus Throw: Maritza Marten, Cuba
High Jump: Heike Henkel, Germany
Javelin Throw: Silke Renk, Germany
Long Jump: Heike Drechsler, Germany
Shot Put: Svetlana Krivelyova, Unified Team
Heptathlon: Jackie Joyner, USA

BADMINTON (NEW)
M\Singles: Alan Budi Kusuma, Indonesia
M\Doubles: Kim Moon-Soo & Park Joo-Bong, South Korea
W\Singles: Susi Susanti, Indonesia
W\Doubles: Hwang Hye Young & Chung So-Young, S. Korea

BASEBALL (NEW)
Team, Men: Cuba

BASKETBALL
Team, men: United States
Team, women: Unified Team

BOXING
48kg: Rogelio Marcelo Garcia, Cuba
51kg: Choi Chol-Su, North Korea
54kg Joel Casamayor Johnson, Cuba
57kg Andreas Tews, Germany
60kg: Oscar de la Hoya, USA
63.5kg: Hector Vinent Charon, Cuba
67kg: Michael Carruth, Ireland
71kg: Juan Carlos Lemus Garcia, Cuba
75kg: Ariel Hernandez Ascuy, Cuba
81kg: Torsten May, Germany
91kg: Felix Savon, Cuba
91+kg: Roberto Balado Mendez, Cuba

CANOE/KAYAK, Men
C1 500m: Nikolai Bukhalov, Bulgaria
C1 1000m: Nikolai Bukhalov, Bulgaria
C2 500m: Alexandre Massekov/Dmitri Dovgalenok, EUN
C2 1000m: Ingo Spelly/lrich Papke, Germany
K1 500m: Mikko Kolemainen, Finland
K1 1000m: Clint Robinson, Australia
K2 500m: Kay Bluhm/Torsten Gutsche, Germany
K2 1000m: Kay Bluhm/Torsten Gutsche, Germany
K4 1000m: Germany
C1 Slalom: Lukas Pollert, Czech
C2 Slalom: Joe Jacobi/Scott Strausbaugh, USA
K1 Slalom: Pierpaolo Ferrazzi, Italy

CANOE/KAYAK, Women
K1 500m: Birgit Fischer, Germany
K2 500m: Anke Nothnagel/Ramona Portwich, Germany
K4 500m: Hungary
K1 Slalom: Elisabeth Micheler, Germany

CYCLING
M\Sprint: Jens FIedler, Germany
M\Individual Pursuit: Chris Boardman, Great Britain
M\Team Pursuit: Germany
M\Points Race: Giovanni Lombardi, Italy
M\1km Time Trial: Jose Manuel Mmoreno Perinan, Spain
M\Team 100km Time Trial: Germany
M\Road Race: Fabio Casartelli, Italy
W\Sprint: Erika Salumae, Estonia
W\Individual Pursuit: Petra Rossner, Germany
W\Road Race: Kathryn Watt, Australia

EQUESTRIAN, Open
Individual Dressage: Nicole Uphoff, Germany
Individual Jumping: Ludger Beerbaum, Germany
Individual 3-day event: Matthew Ryan, Australia
Team Dressage: Germany
Team Jumping: Netherlands
Team 3-day event: Australia

FENCING
M\Individual Epee: Eric Srecki, France
M\Individual Foil: Philippe Omnes, France
M\Individual Sabre: Bence Szabo, Hungary
M\Team Epee: Germany
M\Team Foil: Germany
M\Team Sabre: Unified Team
W\Individual Foil: Giovanna Trillini, Italy
W\Team Foil: Italy

FOOTBALL
Team, men: Spain

GYMNASTICS
M\Floor Exercise: Li Xiaoshuang, China
M\Horizontal Bar: Trent Dimas, USA
M\Parallel Bars: Vitaly Scherbo, Unified Team
M\Pommel Horse: Vitaly Scherbo, EUN & Pae Gil-Su, PRK (tie)
M\Rings: Vitaly Scherbo, Unified Team
M\Vault: Vitaly Scherbo, Unified Team
M\Individual All-Around: Vitaly Scherbo, Unified Team
M\Team: Unified Team
W\Balance Beam: Tatiana Lisenko, Unified Team
W\Floor Exercise: Lavinia Milosovici, Romania
W\Uneven Bars: Li Lu, China
W\Vault: Lavinia Milosovici, ROM & Henrietta Onodi, HUN (tie)
W\Individual All-around: Tatyana Gutsu, Unified Team
W\Team: Unified Team
W\Rhythmic Individual: Aleksandra Timoshenko, EUN

HANDBALL
Team, men: Unified Team
Team, women: South Korea

HOCKEY
Team, men: Germany
Team, women: Spain

JUDO, Men
60kg: Nazim Huseinov, Unified Team
65kg: Rogerio Cardoso, Brazil
71kg: Toshihiko Koga, Japan
78kh: Hidehiko Yoshida, Japan
86kg: Waldemar Legien, Poland
95kg: Antal Kovacs, Hungary
95+kg: David Khakhaleishvili, Unified Team

JUDO, Women (NEW)
48kg: Cecile Nowak, France
52kg: Almundena Munoz, Spain
56kg: Miriam Blasco, Spain
61kg: Catherine Fleury-Vachon, France
66kg: Odalis Reve-Jiminez, Cuba
72kg: Kim Mi Jung, South Korea
72+kg: Zhuang Xiaoyan, China

MODERN PENTATHLON
Individual: Arkadiusz Skrzypaszek, Poland
Team: Poland

ROWING, Men
Single Sculls: Thomas Lange, Germany
Double Sculls: Peter Antonie/Stephen Hawkins, Australia
Quadruple Sculls: Germany
Coxless Pair: Matthew Pinsent/Steven Redgrave, GBR
Coxed Pair: Great Britain
Coxless Four: Australia
Coxed Four: Romania
Eight: Canada

ROWING, Women
Single Sculls: Elisabeta Lipa, Romania
Double Sculls: Kathrin Boron/Kerstin Koppen, Germany
Quadruple Sculls: Germany
Coxless Pair: Kathleen Heddle/Marnie McBean, Canada
Coxless Four: Canada
Eight: Canada

SAILING
X\Flying Dutchman: Spain
X\Star: United States
X\Tornado: France
X\Soling: Denmark
M\470: Spain
M\Lechner DivII: Franck David, France
M\Finn: Jose van der Ploeg Garcia, Spain
W\470: Spain
W\Lechner: Barbara Kendall, New Zealand
W\Europe: Linda Andersen, Norway

SHOOTING
M\10m Air Pistol: Wang Yifu, China
M\10m Air Rifle: Jury Fedkin, Unified Team
M\10m Running Target: Michael Jakosits, Germany
M\25m Rapid Fire Pistol: Ralf Schumann, Germany
M\50m Free Pistol: Konstantin Lukashik, Unified Team
M\50m Small-Bore Rifle 3x40: Gratchiya Petikyan, EUN
M\50m Small-Bore Rifle prone: Lee Eun-Chul, South Korea
M\Skeet: Zhang Shan, China
M\Trap: Petr Hrdlicka, Czech
W\10m Air Pistol: Marina Logvinenko-Dobrancheva, EUN
W\10m Air Rifle: Yeo Kab-Soon, South Korea
W\25m Sport Pistol: Marina Logvinenko-Dobrancheva, EUN
W\50m Small-Bore Rifle 3x20: Launi Meili, USA

SWIMMING, Men
50m Freestyle: Alexander Popov, Unified Team
100m Freestyle: Alexander Popov, Unified Team
200m Freestyle: Yevgeny Sadovyi, Unified Team
400m Freestyle: Yevgeny Sadovyi, Unified Team
1500m Freestyle: Kieren Perkins, Australia
100m Backstroke: Mark Tewksbury, Canada
200m Backstroke: Martin Lopez-Zubero, Spain
100m Breaststroke: Nelson Diebel, USA
200m Breaststroke: Mike Barrowman, USA
100m Butterfly: Pablo Morales, USA
200m Butterfly: Melvin Stewart, USA
200m Individual Medley: Tamas Darnyi, Hungary
400m Individual Medley: Tamas Darnyi, Hungary
4x100m Freestyle Relay: United States
4x200m Freestyle Relay: Unified Team
4x100m Medley Relay: United States
3m Springboard: Mark Lenzi, USA
10m Platform: Sun Shuwei, China
WATER POLO
: Italy

SWIMMING, Women
50m Freestyle: Yang Wenyi, China
100m Freestyle: Zhuang Yong, China
200m Freestyle: Nicole Haislett, USA
400m Freestyle: Dagmar Hase, Germany
800m Freestyle: Janet Evans, USA
100m Backstroke: Krisztina Egerszegi, Hungary
200m Backstroke: Krisztina Egerszegi, Hungary
100m Breaststroke: Yelena Rudkovskaya, Unified Team
200m Breaststroke: Kyoko Iwasaki, Japan
100m Butterfly: Qian Hong, China
200m Butterfly: Summer Sanders, USA
200m Individual Medley: Lin Li, China
400m Individual Medley: Krisztina Egerszegi, Hungary
4x100m Freestyle Relay: United States
4x100m Medley Relay: United States
3m Springboard: Gao Min, China
10m Platform: Fu Mingxia, China
SYNC Solo: Kristen Babb-Sprague, USA
SYNC
Duet: Karen Josephson/Sarah Josephson, USA

TABLE TENNIS
M/Singles: Jan-Ove Waldner, Sweden
M/Doubles: Lu Lin/Wang Tao, China
W/Singles: Deng Yaping, China
W/Doubles: Deng Yaping/Qiao Hong, China

TENNIS
M/Singles: Marc Rosset, Switzerland
M/Doubles: Boris Becker & Michael Stich, Germany
W/Singles: Jennifer Capriati, USA
W/Doubles: Gigi Fernandez & Mary Joe Fernandez, USA

VOLLEYBALL
Team, men: Brazil
Team, women: Cuba

WEIGHTLIFTING
52kg: Ivan Ivanov, Bulgaria
56kg: Chun Byung-Kwan, South Korea
60kg: Naim Suleymanoglu, Turkey
67.5kg: Israil Militosian, Unified Team
75kg: Fedor Kassapu, Unified Team
82.5kg: Pyrros Dimas, Greece
90kg: Akakios Kakhiashvili, Unified Team
100kg: Viktor Tregubov, Unified Team
110kg: Ronny Weller, Germany
110+kg: Alexander Kurlovich, Unified Team

WRESTLING, FREESTYLE
48kg: Kim Il, North Korea
52kg: Li Hak-Son, North Korea
57kg: Alejandro Puerto Diaz, Cuba
62kg: John Smith, USA
68kg: Arsen Fadzayev, Unified Team
74kg: Park Jang-Soon, South Korea
82kg: Kevin A. Jackson, USA
90kg: Macharbek Chadarzew, Unified Team
100kg: Leri Chabelov, Unified Team
130kg: Bruce Baumgartner, USA

WRESTLING, GRECO-ROMAN
48kg: Oleg Kutscherenko, Unified TEam
52kg: Jon Ronningen, Norway
57kg: An Han-Bong, South Korea
62kg: Akif Mehmet Pirim, Turkey
68kg: Attila Repka, Hungary
74kg: Mnazakan Iskandarjan, Unified Team
82kg: Peter Farkas, Hungary
90kg: Maik Bullmann, Germany
100kg: Hector Milian Perez, Cuba
130kg: Alexander Karelin, Unified Team

25 Sports, 257 events

E
U
N

U
S
A

G
E
R

C
H
N

C
U
B

E
S
P

K
O
R

H
U
N

F
R
A

A
U
S

I
T
A

C
A
N

G
B
R

 

Archery

         

1

2

 

1

       

4

Athletics (ALG, ETH, GRE, KEN x2, LTU, MAR, NED, TCH x2)

7

12

4

1

2

2

1

 

1

   

1

2

43

Badminton (INA x2)

           

2

           

4

Baseball

       

1

               

1

Basketball

1

1

                     

2

Boxing (IRL, PRK)

 

1

2

 

7

               

12

Canoe/Kayak (BUL x2, FIN, TCH)

1

1

7

       

1

 

1

1

   

16

Cycling (EST)

   

4

   

1

     

1

2

 

1

10

Equestrian (NED)

   

3

           

2

     

6

Fencing

1

 

2

       

1

2

 

2

   

8

Football

         

1

             

1

Gymnastics (PRK, ROM x2)

10

1

 

2

     

1

         

17*

Handball

1

         

1

           

2

Hockey

   

1

   

1

             

2

Judo (BRA, JPN x2, POL)

2

   

1

1

2

1

1

2

       

14

Modern Pentathlon (POL x2)

                         

2

Rowing (ROM x2)

   

4

           

2

 

4

2

14

Sailing (DEN, NOR, NZL)

 

1

     

4

   

2

       

10

Shooting (TCH)

5

1

2

2

   

2

           

13

Swimming (Diving, Sync. Swimming & Water Polo) (JPN)

6

14

1

7

 

1

 

5

 

1

1

1

 

38

Table Tennis (SWE)

     

3

                 

4

Tennis (SUI)

 

2

1

                   

4

Volleyball (BRA)

       

1

               

2

Weightlifting (BUL, GRE, TUR)

5

 

1

     

1

           

10

Wrestling (NOR, PRK x2, TUR)

6

3

1

 

2

 

2

2

         

20

TOTAL

45

37

33

16

14

13

12

11

8

7

6

6

5

259

* 2 gold medals awarded in Gymnastics (M) Pommel Horse and (W) Vault

BARCELONA 1992 MEDAL TALLY

Country

G

S

B

TTL

Community of Independent States (CIS)

45

38

29

112

United States

37

34

37

108

Germany

33

21

28

82

China

16

22

16

54

Cuba

14

6

11

31

Spain

13

7

2

22

South Korea

12

5

12

29

Hungary

11

12

7

30

France

8

5

16

29

Australia

7

9

11

27

Italy

6

5

8

19

Canada

6

5

7

18

Great Britain

5

3

12

20

Romania

4

6

8

18

Czechoslovakia

4

2

1

7

North Korea

4

0

5

9

Japan

3

8

11

22

Bulgaria

3

7

6

16

Poland

3

6

10

19

Netherlands

2

6

7

15

Kenya

2

4

2

8

Norway

2

4

1

7

Turkey

2

2

2

6

Indonesia

2

2

1

5

Brazil

2

1

0

3

Greece

2

0

0

2

Sweden

1

7

4

12

New Zealand

1

4

5

10

Finland

1

2

2

5

Denmark

1

1

4

6

Morocco

1

1

1

3

Ireland

1

1

0

2

Ethiopia

1

0

2

3

Algeria

1

0

1

2

Estonia

1

0

1

2

Lithuania

1

0

1

2

Switzerland

1

0

0

1

Jamaica

0

3

1

4

Nigeria

0

3

1

4

Latvia

0

2

1

3

Austria

0

2

0

2

Namibia

0

2

0

2

South Africa

0

2

0

2

Belgium

0

1

2

3

Croatia

0

1

2

3

Independent Olympic Participant

0

1

2

3

Iran

0

1

2

3

Israel

0

1

1

2

Mexico

0

1

0

1

Peru

0

1

0

1

Taiwan

0

1

0

1

Mongolia

0

0

2

2

Slovenia

0

0

2

2

ARG, BAH, COL, GHA, MAS, PAK, PHI, PUR, QAT, SUR, THA

0

0

1

11

Total

259

258

298

815

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