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Olympic Games

XV (15th) WINTER GAMES
CALGARY, CANADA | February 13th - 28th, 1988


Calgary, CAN


Calgary 1988

Calgary, Canada
XVth WINTER GAMES

February 13 - 28, 1988

Mascot - Hidy & Howdy the Polar Bears

57 countries, 1423 athletes (313 women)

6 sports, 46 events

Opening - Governor-General Jeanne Sauve

Torch lit by - Robyn Perry

Candidates: Cortina d'Ampezzo, Falun (SWE)

30 September 1981 - 84th IOC Session in Baden, West Germany - Calgary was elected to be the host of the XVth Olympic Winter Games in 1988.

Round

1

2

Calgary

35

48

Cortina d'Ampezzo

25

31

Falun

18

 

Olympic Alpine skiing added a men's and women's super-giant slalom, and re-introduced a men's and women's Alpine combined, after a 36-year hiatus. In Nordic skiing events, team competitions were added to ski jumping and the Nordic combined. Jamaica made its Winter Olympic debut with a four-man bobsled team and, although it was not foreseen, Soviet athletes would be competing under the hammer and sickle for the last time.

After six unsuccessful attempts by Canada to host the Olympic Winter Games, including three bids by Calgary, the Games came to Canada. The Calgary Games were the biggest and longest ever. Calgary officials convinced the IOC to extend the Games to 16 days, including three weekends.

At the Games, there were stories of both painful tragedy and heart-warming joy. On the first day of competition, American speed skater Dan Jansen learned that his older sister had died. Skating in her memory, Jansen fell in both of his events -- the 500m and the 1,000m. It was left to Bonnie Blair to raise the spirit of not only the U.S. speed skating team, but Americans in general. Skating before her in the 500m was Christa Rothenburger of the usually unbeatable East German team. Rothenburger set a world record, but Blair came out and topped it with a world record of her own.

Yvonne van Gennip of Holland, inspired by Blair's defeat of the East German, won all three distance events. Van Gennip's exploits on ice were matched in the air by the "Flying Finn," Matti Nykanen, who blew away all ski jumping competitors in the individual events and helped carry Finland to the team gold.

Nykanen was not the only story in ski jumping. The event's real star was British ski jumper Eddie "The Eagle" Edwards. He finished last in both individual events, but his appearance and style were the talk of the Games.

In the bobsled, the stories were not those of the eventual winners, the Soviets in the two-man and the Swiss in the four-man, but rather of the Jamaicans having a bobsled team at all and of Prince Albert of Monaco competing.

The story in the rink was a familiar one in both hockey and ladies' figure skating. The Soviet Union won gold again in hockey, and Katarina Witt repeated her Sarajevo performance, winning the gold. The men's figure skating competition came down to a duel between Brian Orser of Canada and Brian Boitano of the United States. Boitano won, giving the Americans just their second gold and sixth overall medal of the Games.

On the slopes the story was of a young brash Italian by the name of Alberto Tomba. He had won seven of nine giant slalom and slalom races going into the Olympics and practically guaranteed a victory. He came through on his promise.

The Soviet Union continued its dominance by taking 29 medals.

1924 
1928 
1932 
1936 
1948 
1952 
1956 
1960 
1964 
1968 
1972 
1976 
1980 
1984 
1988 
1992 
1994 
1998 
2002 
2006 
2010 

 

 

6 sports, 46 events

U
R
S

G
D
R

S
U
I

F
I
N

S
W
E

A
U
T

N
E
D

F
R
G

U
S
A

I
T
A

F
R
A

 

BIATHLON

1

2

                 

3

BOBSLED

1

 

1

               

2

ICE HOCKEY

1

                   

1

LUGE

 

3

                 

3

SKATING

                     

Figure Skating

2

1

           

1

   

4

Speed Skating

1

3

   

2

 

3

 

1

   

10

SKIING

                     

Alpine Skiing

   

3

   

3

 

1

 

2

1

10

Cross-country Skiing

5

   

1

2

           

8

Nordic Combined

   

1

       

1

     

2

Ski Jumping

     

3

             

3

TOTAL

11

9

5

4

4

3

3

2

2

2

1

46

GOLD MEDAL WINNERS
(7 new events)
(28 Men, 16 Women, 2 Combined Events)

BIATHLON
M\10km: Frank-Peter Roetsch, East Germany
M\20km: Frank-Peter Roetsch, East Germany
M\4x7.5km Relay: Soviet Union

BOBSLEIGH
M\Two-Man: Janis Kipurs/Vladimir Kozlov, USSR
M\Four-Man: Switzerland

ICE HOCKEY
Men's Team: Soviet Union

LUGE
M\Single: Jens Muller, East Germany
M\Double: Jörg Hoffmann/Jochen Pietzsch, East Germany
W\Single: Steffi Walter Martin, East Germany

SKIING

ALPINE SKIING
M\Downhill: Primin Zurbriggen, Switzerland
M\Slalom: Alberto Tomba, Italy
M\Giant Slalom: Alberto Tomba, Italy
M\Super Giant Slalom: Franck Piccard, France
M\Alpine Combined: Anita Wachter, Austria
W\Downhill: Marina Kiehl, West Germany
W\Slalom: Vreni Schneider, Switzerland
W\Giant Slalom: Vreni Schneider, Switzerland
W\Super Giant Slalom: Sigrid Wolf, Austria
W\Alpine Combined: Hubert Strolz, Austria

CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING


M\15km classical: Mikhail Devyatyarov, USSR
M\30km classical: Aleksey Prokurorov, USSR
M\50km classical: Gunde Anders Svan, Sweden
M\4x10km Relay: Sweden
W\5km classical: Marjo Matikainen, Finland
W\10km classical: Vida Venciene, USSR
W\20km freestyle: Tamara Tikhonova, USSR
W\4x5km Relay: Soviet Union

NORDIC COMBINED
M\Individual: Hippolyt Kempf, Switzerland
M\Team: West Germany

SKI JUMPING
M\K-90 Individual: Matti Nykanen, Finland
M\K-120 Individual: Matti Nykanen, Finland
M\K-120 Team: Finland

SKATING

FIGURE SKATING
M\Singles: Brian Boitano, United States
W\Singles: Katarina Witt, East Germany
Pairs: Ekaterina Gordeeva/Sergei Grinkov, USSR
Ice-Dancing: Natalya Bestemianova/Andrei Bukin, USSR

SPEED SKATING
M\500m: Uwe-Jens Mey, East Germany
M\1000m: Nikolai Gulyaev, USSR
M\1500m: Andre Hoffmann, East Germany
M\5000m: S. Tomas Gustafson, Sweden
M\10000m: S. Tomas Gustafson, Sweden
W\500m: Bonnie Blair, United States
W\1000m: Christa Rothenburger, East Germany
W\1500m: Yvonne van Gennip, Netherlands
W\3000m: Yvonne van Gennip, Netherlands
W\5000m: Yvonne van Gennip, Netherlands

 

COUNTRY

G

S

B

TTL

Soviet Union

11

9

9

29

East Germany

9

10

6

25

Switzerland

5

5

5

15

Austria

3

5

2

10

West Germany

2

4

2

8

Finland

4

1

2

7

Netherlands

3

2

2

7

Sweden

4

0

2

6

United States

2

1

3

6

Italy

2

1

2

5

Norway

0

3

2

5

Canada

0

2

3

5

Czechoslovakia

0

1

2

3

Yugoslavia

0

2

1

3

France

1

0

1

2

Japan

0

0

1

1

Liechtenstein

0

0

1

1

TOTAL

46

46

46

138

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